Causes for Speech, Language and Motor Developmental Problems

Speech, language, cognitive and motor developmental problems can occur for a variety of reasons. Some are related to medical conditions, while others have unknown causes. More commonly identified medical conditions include congenital syndromes, genetic disorders, autism, pervasive developmental delay, cerebral palsy, and traumatic brain injury. Diagnosis of these conditions usually involves a team of professionals who work closely together. When professionals do not find any specific reason for a child’s symptoms, they determine the reason for delay to be unknown. In these cases, symptoms (including speech, language and motor delays) are the focus of treatment.

What Causes Developmental Delay? Developmental delay can be associated with a number of influences such as prenatal and birth factors, trauma, infections, genetic conditions, metabolic disorders, and toxins, such as lead. In most cases, however, a precise underlying cause is not found for the delay. Still, there are many treatments available for developmental delay, regardless of cause. If there is a physical condition or other underlying medical reason that causes the developmental delay, your child’s pediatrician can help with identification and treatment. This can go a long way toward improving your child’s developmental skills.

Developmental delay can occur in both boys and girls. A child may just have a developmental delay or it can co-occur with other conditions or illnesses. Research suggests there are many factors that can cause developmental delay in children. Some factors include: Genetic conditions such as Down’s syndrome. Alcohol or drug abuse by the mother during pregnancy. Difficulties or complications during pregnancy including premature birth. Some severe medical problems that occur shortly after birth. Illnesses during childhood such as meningitis or injury to the brain. Environmental factors such as neglect or attachment issues with primary caregiver. Hearing loss caused by chronic ear infections. Unknown cause.,