Recognizing and Caring for Hernias

Types of hernias
Inguinal hernias. The majority of hernias in children — about 80 percent — are inguinal hernias, which means they are in the lower part of the abdomen, near the groin. In boys, the protruding piece
of intestine may enter the scrotum, which can cause swelling and pain. In girls, the swelling is usually in the labia or the groin. The most common areas for hernias to appear are in the
abdomen, groin and belly button.

There are two types of inguinal hernias:

-Direct inguinal hernia. This occurs when a weak spot develops in the lower abdominal muscles and tissues are able to push through the weak spot.
I-ndirect inguinal hernia. This occurs when the inguinal canal (a small passage through the lower abdominal wall) fails to close before birth.
These hernias are more common in children who were born prematurely.

Umbilical hernias. These hernias are common in newborns and babies younger than 6 months. They happen when the opening in the abdominal wall, where the umbilical cord exits the abdominal
wall, fails to close. Your baby’s belly button may look enlarged and swollen. Umbilical hernias usually heal on their own by the time your baby is a year old.